The abundance of high-dimensional data in the modern sciences has generated tremendous interest in penalized estimators such as the lasso, scaled lasso, square-root lasso, elastic net, and many others. In this paper, we establish a general oracle inequality for prediction in high-dimensional linear regression with such methods. Since the proof relies only on convexity and continuity arguments, the result holds irrespective of the design matrix and applies to a wide range of penalized estimators. Overall, the bound demonstrates that generic estimators can provide consistent prediction with any design matrix. From a practical point of view, the bound can help to identify the potential of specific estimators, and they can help to get a sense of the prediction accuracy in a given application.
"Oracle inequalities for high-dimensional prediction." Bernoulli 25 (2) 1225 - 1255, May 2019. https://doi.org/10.3150/18-BEJ1019