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2021 An Ensemble EM Algorithm for Bayesian Variable Selection
Jin Wang, Yunbo Ouyang, Yuan Ji, Feng Liang
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Bayesian Anal. Advance Publication 1-22 (2021). DOI: 10.1214/21-BA1275


We study the Bayesian approach to variable selection for linear regression models. Motivated by a recent work by Ročková and George (2014), we propose an EM algorithm that returns the MAP estimator of the set of relevant variables. Due to its particular updating scheme, our algorithm can be implemented efficiently without inverting a large matrix in each iteration and therefore can scale up with big data. We also have showed that the MAP estimator returned by our EM algorithm achieves variable selection consistency even when p diverges with n. In practice, our algorithm could get stuck with local modes, a common problem with EM algorithms. To address this issue, we propose an ensemble EM algorithm, in which we repeatedly apply our EM algorithm to a subset of the samples with a subset of the covariates, and then aggregate the variable selection results across those bootstrap replicates. Empirical studies have demonstrated the superior performance of the ensemble EM algorithm.


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Jin Wang. Yunbo Ouyang. Yuan Ji. Feng Liang. "An Ensemble EM Algorithm for Bayesian Variable Selection." Bayesian Anal. Advance Publication 1 - 22, 2021.


Published: 2021
First available in Project Euclid: 28 July 2021

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/21-BA1275


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