We completely characterize those continuous operators on the space of real analytic functions on the real line for which the associated matrix is Toeplitz (that is, we describe Toeplitz operators on this space). We also prove a necessary and sufficient condition for such operators to be Fredholm operators. While the space of real analytic functions is neither Banach space nor has a basis which makes available methods completely different from classical cases of Hardy spaces or Bergman spaces, nevertheless the results themselves show surprisingly strong similarity to the classical Hardy-space theory.
"Toeplitz operators on the space of real analytic functions: The Fredholm property." Banach J. Math. Anal. 12 (1) 31 - 67, January 2018. https://doi.org/10.1215/17358787-2017-0022