We propose, for multivariate Gaussian copula models with unknown margins and structured correlation matrices, a rank-based, semiparametrically efficient estimator for the Euclidean copula parameter. This estimator is defined as a one-step update of a rank-based pilot estimator in the direction of the efficient influence function, which is calculated explicitly. Moreover, finite-dimensional algebraic conditions are given that completely characterize efficiency of the pseudo-likelihood estimator and adaptivity of the model with respect to the unknown marginal distributions. For correlation matrices structured according to a factor model, the pseudo-likelihood estimator turns out to be semiparametrically efficient. On the other hand, for Toeplitz correlation matrices, the asymptotic relative efficiency of the pseudo-likelihood estimator can be as low as 20%. These findings are confirmed by Monte Carlo simulations. We indicate how our results can be extended to joint regression models.
"Semiparametric Gaussian copula models: Geometry and efficient rank-based estimation." Ann. Statist. 42 (5) 1911 - 1940, October 2014. https://doi.org/10.1214/14-AOS1244