We consider a general supervised learning problem with strongly convex and Lipschitz loss and study the problem of model selection aggregation. In particular, given a finite dictionary functions (learners) together with the prior, we generalize the results obtained by Dai, Rigollet and Zhang [Ann. Statist. 40 (2012) 1878–1905] for Gaussian regression with squared loss and fixed design to this learning setup. Specifically, we prove that the $Q$-aggregation procedure outputs an estimator that satisfies optimal oracle inequalities both in expectation and with high probability. Our proof techniques somewhat depart from traditional proofs by making most of the standard arguments on the Laplace transform of the empirical process to be controlled.
"Optimal learning with Q-aggregation." Ann. Statist. 42 (1) 211 - 224, February 2014. https://doi.org/10.1214/13-AOS1190