In this paper we derive one- and two-sample multivariate empirical Bayes statistics (the MB-statistics) to rank genes in order of interest from longitudinal replicated developmental microarray time course experiments. We first use conjugate priors to develop our one-sample multivariate empirical Bayes framework for the null hypothesis that the expected temporal profile stays at 0. This leads to our one-sample MB-statistic and a one-sample T̃2-statistic, a variant of the one-sample Hotelling T2-statistic. Both the MB-statistic and T̃2-statistic can be used to rank genes in the order of evidence of nonzero mean, incorporating the correlation structure across time points, moderation and replication. We also derive the corresponding MB-statistics and T̃2-statistics for the one-sample problem where the null hypothesis states that the expected temporal profile is constant, and for the two-sample problem where the null hypothesis is that two expected temporal profiles are the same.
"A multivariate empirical Bayes statistic for replicated microarray time course data." Ann. Statist. 34 (5) 2387 - 2412, October 2006. https://doi.org/10.1214/009053606000000759