Open Access
Translator Disclaimer
February 1998 Asymptotic comparison of (partial) cross-validation, GCV and randomized GCV in nonparametric regression
Didier A. Girard
Ann. Statist. 26(1): 315-334 (February 1998). DOI: 10.1214/aos/1030563988


When using nonparametric estimates of the mean curve, surface or image underlying noisy observations, the selection of "smoothing parameters" is generally crucial. This paper gives a theoretical comparison of the performances of generalized cross-validation (GCV) and of its fast randomized version (RGCV), as selection criteria. This is mainly done by studying the asymptotic distribution of the excess error for each selector, that is, the difference between the (data-driven) resulting average squared error (ASE) and the best possible ASE. We show here that, by using randomization, this distribution is dilated, as compared to that for CV or GCV, only by a factor always lower than $1 + 1/n_R$, where $n_R$ is the number of primary randomized trace estimates one uses in RGCV. We include in the compared selectors, the partial cross-validation (PCV) approach where only a fraction of all the possible "leave-one-out" validation tests are evaluated; so that PCV is a common practice to reduce the computational cost in many contexts. In this paper, PCV will in fact appear as quite inefficient as compared to RGCV from this computational point of view. Moreover, we show that a precise comparison (and interpretation of the gain of using $n_R \geq 2$) is possible in terms of equivalent (in distribution) excess errors, if PCV uses a certain percentage of the test points greater than 50%. The obtained comparisons will be seen as quite reassuring on what is "sacrificed" in using randomized selectors. We give rigorous results mainly for the kernel regression setting as in the previous detailed study by Härdle, Hall and Marron of standard selectors, except that we do not restrict this one to an equidistant design.


Download Citation

Didier A. Girard. "Asymptotic comparison of (partial) cross-validation, GCV and randomized GCV in nonparametric regression." Ann. Statist. 26 (1) 315 - 334, February 1998.


Published: February 1998
First available in Project Euclid: 28 August 2002

zbMATH: 0932.62047
MathSciNet: MR1608164
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/aos/1030563988

Primary: 62G07, 62G20
Secondary: 62G09, 62J07, 65U05

Rights: Copyright © 1998 Institute of Mathematical Statistics


Vol.26 • No. 1 • February 1998
Back to Top