This paper is concerned with the limit laws of the extreme order statistics derived from a symmetric Laplace walk. We provide two different descriptions of the point process of the limiting extreme order statistics: a branching representation and a squared Bessel representation. These complementary descriptions expose various hidden symmetries in branching processes and Brownian motion which lie behind some striking formulas found by Schehr and Majumdar (Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 (2012) 040601). In particular, the Bessel process of dimension appears in the descriptions as a path decomposition of Brownian motion at a local minimum and the Ray–Knight description of Brownian local times near the minimum.
The second author was supported by NSF Grant DMS-2113779 and a start-up grant at Columbia University.
We thank G. Schehr for stimulating discussions at the early stage of this work. We also thank one anonymous referee for numerous suggestions which improved the final version of this article.
"Hidden symmetries and limit laws in the extreme order statistics of the Laplace random walk." Ann. Probab. 50 (4) 1647 - 1673, July 2022. https://doi.org/10.1214/22-AOP1572