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March 2022 The Dirichlet–Ferguson diffusion on the space of probability measures over a closed Riemannian manifold
Lorenzo Dello Schiavo
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Ann. Probab. 50(2): 591-648 (March 2022). DOI: 10.1214/21-AOP1541


We construct a recurrent diffusion process with values in the space of probability measures over an arbitrary closed Riemannian manifold of dimension d2. The process is associated with the Dirichlet form defined by integration of the Wasserstein gradient w.r.t. the Dirichlet–Ferguson measure, and is the counterpart on multidimensional base spaces to the modified massive Arratia flow over the unit interval described in V. Konarovskyi and M.-K. von Renesse (Comm. Pure Appl. Math. 72 (2019) 764–800). Together with two different constructions of the process, we discuss its ergodicity, invariant sets, finite-dimensional approximations, and Varadhan short-time asymptotics.

Funding Statement

Research supported by the Sonderforschungsbereich 1060 and the Hausdorff Center for Mathematics. The author gratefully acknowledges funding of his current position at IST Austria by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) grant F65 and by the European Research Council (ERC, Grant agreement No. 716117, awarded to Prof. Dr. Jan Maas).


The author is especially grateful to Professors Karl-Theodor Sturm, Eugene Lytvynov, Maria Gordina, and Massimiliano Gubinelli for their several remarks and comments. He thanks Professor Günter Last for a preliminary version of [49] and Professors Federico Bassetti and Emanuele Dolera, and Dr. Carlo Orrieri, for discussions about the Dirichlet–Ferguson measure during his stay, in February 2018, at the Department of Mathematics “F. Casorati” of the Università degli Studi di Pavia. He thanks the Department for their kind hospitality. Finally, the author would like to express his gratitude to an anonymous reviewer whose remarks and comments improved the presentation of this work.

The entirety of this work was carried out while the author was a member of the Institute of Applied Mathematics of the University of Bonn.


Download Citation

Lorenzo Dello Schiavo. "The Dirichlet–Ferguson diffusion on the space of probability measures over a closed Riemannian manifold." Ann. Probab. 50 (2) 591 - 648, March 2022.


Received: 1 September 2020; Revised: 1 March 2021; Published: March 2022
First available in Project Euclid: 24 March 2022

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/21-AOP1541

Primary: 60J46 , 60J60
Secondary: 47D07 , 60G57

Keywords: Dirichlet–Ferguson diffusion , Dirichlet–Ferguson measure , modified massive Arratia flow , Wasserstein diffusion

Rights: Copyright © 2022 Institute of Mathematical Statistics


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Vol.50 • No. 2 • March 2022
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