We provide a new geometric representation of a family of fragmentation processes by nested laminations which are compact subsets of the unit disk made of noncrossing chords. We specifically consider a fragmentation, obtained by cutting a random stable tree at random points, which split the tree into smaller subtrees. When coding each of these cutpoints by a chord in the unit disk, we separate the disk into smaller connected components, corresponding to the smaller subtrees of the initial tree. This geometric point of view allows us in particular to highlight a new relation between the Aldous–Pitman fragmentation of the Brownian continuum random tree and minimal factorizations of the n-cycle, that is, factorizations of the permutation into a product of transpositions, proving this way a conjecture of Féray and Kortchemski. We discuss various properties of these new lamination-valued processes, and we notably show that they can be coded by explicit Lévy processes.
This work was supported by ANR GRAAL (ANR-14-CE25-0014).
I would like to thank my advisor Igor Kortchemski for asking the questions at the origin of this paper and for his help, comments, suggestions and corrections. I would also like to thank Bénédicte Haas, Cyril Marzouk and Loïc Richier for fruitful discussions and comments on the paper and Gerónimo Uribe Bravo for his useful remarks on Theorem 5.1.
"A geometric representation of fragmentation processes on stable trees." Ann. Probab. 49 (5) 2416 - 2476, September 2021. https://doi.org/10.1214/21-AOP1512