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July 2017 Einstein relation and steady states for the random conductance model
Nina Gantert, Xiaoqin Guo, Jan Nagel
Ann. Probab. 45(4): 2533-2567 (July 2017). DOI: 10.1214/16-AOP1119


We consider random walk among i.i.d., uniformly elliptic conductances on $\mathbb{Z}^{d}$, and prove the Einstein relation (see Theorem 1). It says that the derivative of the velocity of a biased walk as a function of the bias equals the diffusivity in equilibrium. For fixed bias, we show that there is an invariant measure for the environment seen from the particle. These invariant measures are often called steady states. The Einstein relation follows at least for $d\geq3$, from an expansion of the steady states as a function of the bias (see Theorem 2), which can be considered our main result. This expansion is proved for $d\geq3$. In contrast to Guo [Ann. Probab. 44 (2016) 324–359], we need not only convergence of the steady states, but an estimate on the rate of convergence (see Theorem 4).


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Nina Gantert. Xiaoqin Guo. Jan Nagel. "Einstein relation and steady states for the random conductance model." Ann. Probab. 45 (4) 2533 - 2567, July 2017.


Received: 1 December 2015; Revised: 1 April 2016; Published: July 2017
First available in Project Euclid: 11 August 2017

zbMATH: 1385.60061
MathSciNet: MR3693969
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/16-AOP1119

Primary: 60K37 , 60K40
Secondary: 60G10 , 60J25 , 82C41

Keywords: Einstein relation , Random conductance model , Steady states

Rights: Copyright © 2017 Institute of Mathematical Statistics


Vol.45 • No. 4 • July 2017
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