This paper studies the limits of a spatial random field generated by uniformly scattered random sets, as the density λ of the sets grows to infinity and the mean volume ρ of the sets tends to zero. Assuming that the volume distribution has a regularly varying tail with infinite variance, we show that the centered and renormalized random field can have three different limits, depending on the relative speed at which λ and ρ are scaled. If λ grows much faster than ρ shrinks, the limit is Gaussian with long-range dependence, while in the opposite case, the limit is independently scattered with infinite second moments. In a special intermediate scaling regime, there exists a nontrivial limiting random field that is not stable.
"Scaling limits for random fields with long-range dependence." Ann. Probab. 35 (2) 528 - 550, March 2007. https://doi.org/10.1214/009117906000000700