We show that the branching random walk on a Galton–Watson tree may have one or two phase transitions, depending on the relative sizes of the mean degree and the maximum degree. We show that there are some Galton–Watson trees on which the branching random walk has one phase transition while the contact process has two; this contradicts a conjecture of Madras and Schinazi. We show that the contact process has only one phase transition on some trees of uniformly exponential growth and bounded degree, contradicting a conjecture of Pemantle.
"The Branching Random Walk and Contact Process on Galton-Watson and Nonhomogeneous Trees." Ann. Probab. 29 (4) 1563 - 1590, October 2001. https://doi.org/10.1214/aop/1015345762