Some invariance principles for additive functionals of simple exclusion with finite-range translation-invariant jump rates $p(i, j) = p(j - i)$ in dimensions $d \geq1$ are established. A previous investigation concentrated on the case of $p$ symmetric. The principal tools to take care of nonreversibility, when $p$ is asymmetric, are invariance principles for associated random variables and a “local balance”estimate on the asymmetric generator of the process.
As a by-product,we provide upper and lower bounds on some transition probabilities for mean-zero asymmetric second-class particles,which are not Markovian, that show they behave like their symmetric Markovian counterparts.Also some estimates with respect to second-class particles with drift are discussed.
In addition,a dichotomy between the occupation time process limits in $d =1$ and $d \geq 2$ for symmetric exclusion is shown. In the former, the limit is fractional Brownian motion with parameter 3/4, and in the latter, the usual Brownian motion.
"Central limit theorems for additive functionals of the simple exclusion process." Ann. Probab. 28 (1) 277 - 302, January 2000. https://doi.org/10.1214/aop/1019160120