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February, 1965 Sequential Tests for the Mean of a Normal Distribution IV (Discrete Case)
Herman Chernoff
Ann. Math. Statist. 36(1): 55-68 (February, 1965). DOI: 10.1214/aoms/1177700270

Abstract

The problem of sequentially testing whether the mean of a normal distribution is positive has been approximated by the continuous analogue where one must decide whether the mean drift of a Wiener-Levy process is positive or negative [3]. The asymptotic behavior of the solution of the latter problem has been studied as $t \rightarrow \infty$ and as $t \rightarrow 0$ [1], [2], [4], [5]. The original (discrete) problem, can be regarded as a variation of the continuous problem where one is permitted to stop observation only at the discrete time points $t_0, t_0 + \delta, t_0 + 2\delta, \cdots$. Especially since the numerical computation of the solution of the continuous version can be carried out by solving the discrete version for small $\delta$, it is important to study the relationship between the solutions of the discrete and continuous problems. These solutions are represented by symmetric continuation regions whose upper boundaries are $\tilde x_\delta(t)$ and $\tilde x(t)$ respectively. The main result of this paper is that \begin{equation*}\tag{(1.1)}\tilde x_\delta(t) = \tilde x(t) + \hat z\sqrt\delta + o(\sqrt\delta).\end{equation*} This result involves relating the original problem to an associated problem and studying the limiting behavior of the solution of the associated problem. This solution corresponds to the solution of a Wiener-Hopf equation. Results of Spitzer [6], [7] can be used to characterize the solution of the Wiener-Hopf equation and yield $\hat z$ as an integral, which, as Gordon Latta pointed out to the author, is equal to $\zeta(\frac{1}{2})/(2\pi)^{\frac{1}{2}} = -.5824$. The associated problem referred to above is the following. A Wiener-Levy process $Z_t$ starting at a point $(z, t), t < 0$ is observed at a cost of one per unit time. If the observation is stopped before $t = 0$, there is no payoff. If $t = 0$ is reached, the payoff is $Z^2_0$ if $Z_0 < 0$ and 0 if $Z_0 \geqq 0$. Stopping is permitted at times $t = -1, -2, \cdots$.

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Herman Chernoff. "Sequential Tests for the Mean of a Normal Distribution IV (Discrete Case)." Ann. Math. Statist. 36 (1) 55 - 68, February, 1965. https://doi.org/10.1214/aoms/1177700270

Information

Published: February, 1965
First available in Project Euclid: 27 April 2007

zbMATH: 0246.62084
MathSciNet: MR170443
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/aoms/1177700270

Rights: Copyright © 1965 Institute of Mathematical Statistics

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Vol.36 • No. 1 • February, 1965
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