We study gradient models for spins taking values in the integers (or an integer lattice), which interact via a general potential depending only on the differences of the spin values at neighboring sites, located on a regular tree with neighbors. We first provide general conditions in terms of the relevant p-norms of the associated transfer operator Q which ensure the existence of a countable family of proper Gibbs measures, describing localization at different heights. Next we prove existence of delocalized gradient Gibbs measures, under natural conditions on Q. We show that the two conditions can be fulfilled at the same time, which then implies coexistence of both types of measures for large classes of models including the SOS-model, and heavy-tailed models arising for instance for potentials of logarithmic growth.
Florian Henning is partially supported by the Research Training Group 2131 High-dimensional phenomena in probability-Fluctuations and discontinuity of German Research Council (DFG).
The authors thank an anonymous referee for clarifying remarks and suggestions.
"Coexistence of localized Gibbs measures and delocalized gradient Gibbs measures on trees." Ann. Appl. Probab. 31 (5) 2284 - 2310, October 2021. https://doi.org/10.1214/20-AAP1647