We are interested in prey–predator communities where the predator population evolves much faster than the prey’s (e.g., insect-tree communities). We introduce a piecewise deterministic model for these prey–predator communities that arises as a limit of a microscopic model when the number of predators goes to infinity. We prove that the process has a unique invariant probability measure and that it is exponentially ergodic. Further on, we rescale the predator dynamics in order to model predators of smaller size. This slow–fast system converges to a community process in which the prey dynamics is averaged on the predator equilibria. This averaged process admits an invariant probability measure which can be computed explicitly. We use numerical simulations to study the convergence of the invariant probability measures of the rescaled processes.
"A piecewise deterministic model for a prey-predator community." Ann. Appl. Probab. 26 (6) 3491 - 3530, December 2016. https://doi.org/10.1214/16-AAP1182