We define a class of growing networks in which new nodes are given a spatial position and are connected to existing nodes with a probability mechanism favoring short distances and high degrees. The competition of preferential attachment and spatial clustering gives this model a range of interesting properties. Empirical degree distributions converge to a limit law, which can be a power law with any exponent $\tau>2$. The average clustering coefficient of the networks converges to a positive limit. Finally, a phase transition occurs in the global clustering coefficients and empirical distribution of edge lengths when the power-law exponent crosses the critical value $\tau=3$. Our main tool in the proof of these results is a general weak law of large numbers in the spirit of Penrose and Yukich.
"Spatial preferential attachment networks: Power laws and clustering coefficients." Ann. Appl. Probab. 25 (2) 632 - 662, April 2015. https://doi.org/10.1214/14-AAP1006