We prove some detailed quantitative stability results for the contact set and the solution of the classical obstacle problem in () under perturbations of the obstacle function, which is also equivalent to studying the variation of the equilibrium measure in classical potential theory under a perturbation of the external field.
To do so, working in the setting of the whole space, we examine the evolution of the free boundary corresponding to the boundary of the contact set for a family of obstacle functions . Assuming that is in and that the initial free boundary is regular, we prove that is twice differentiable in in a small neighborhood of . Moreover, we show that the “normal velocity” and the “normal acceleration” of are respectively and scalar fields on . This is accomplished by deriving equations for this velocity and acceleration and studying the regularity of their solutions via single- and double-layer estimates from potential theory.
"Quantitative stability of the free boundary in the obstacle problem." Anal. PDE 11 (7) 1803 - 1839, 2018. https://doi.org/10.2140/apde.2018.11.1803