# Faculty

**Research Methodology in Science and Mathematics Teaching**Syllabus: Applied Research in Science Education. Study of results of recent production in the area of Science Education. Research methodologies. Main steps of a research. Analysis and elaboration of research projects whose focus, field and target of action are the classroom and the teaching practice in Science Teaching.

**Epistemological Foundations in Science and Mathematics Teaching**Syllabus: Relations between subject, object and knowledge in the rationalist, empiricist and dialectical perspectives; Context of scientific knowledge production and teaching-learning; The empirico-logical model and its limitations; Breaks and epistemological obstacles; The scientific revolutions: Paradigms and Normal Science; Refutations and Falsifiability; Research programs; Arguments against the method; research problems in natural science teaching and its confrontations from epistemological references

**Teaching and Learning Theories**Syllabus: Approaches of the teaching-learning process. Early Behaviorist Theories (Watson, Guthrie and Thorndike) and Skinner's Behaviorism. Neo-behaviorism (Gagné). Cognitivism (Piaget, Bruner, Vygotsky, Ausubel and Kelly). Humanism (Rogers and Novak). Theories of mental models (Johnson-Laird). Conceptual Field Theory (Vergnaud).

**Didactics of Sciences and Mathematics**

Syllabus: The course seeks to analyze, in the first part, the theoretical approaches, from the French didactics, which discusses topics such as Didactic Transposition, Didactic Contract, Scientific Literacy. It also seeks to establish relationships between conceptions of science and educational practice, particularly discussing the possibilities of configuring science teaching situations, considering the multiple variables that make up the teacher-student-knowledge relationship.

**Interdisciplinarity in the Field of Natural Sciences**Syllabus: Systemic thinking; Complexity theory. Interdisciplinarity in the Natural Sciences. Interdisciplinarity at school. School Practices and Interdisciplinarity; Didactics and Interdisciplinarity; Interdisciplinary Planning. Science and interdisciplinarity. Physics, Chemistry and Biology topics and their interrelations with contemporary themes. Laboratory activities. Writing essays of scientific dissemination and didactic material.

**Mediations for Information and Communication Technologies in Science and Mathematics Education**Syllabus: Discussing the use of technologies for Science Education can be computer simulations, animations, videos, learning environments, and computer-assisted experiments. The use of these technologies has been shown to be a valuable support tool for the teaching-learning process. The discussion will seek to make the teacher an active participant in its conception, conception and construction based on free technologies, so that he becomes not only a user, but an active agent in the construction of knowledge mediation technologies. -Operating Systems. -Computational simulations. -Animations and interactivity. -New interaction technologies: chat, wiki and video. -Public educational object repositories. -Virtual Learning Environments: Moodle and other free environments. -Graphic interface and learning. -Free platforms: Arduino. -Using computer aided experiments

**Science and Environment Teaching**Syllabus: History, Public Policy and Conceptions on Environmental Education; Constitution of Subjects as Environmental Educators and Attitudinal Changes; Environmental chemistry; Contemporary biology; Interdisciplinary projects that articulate Environmental Education/Environmental Chemistry and Science Teaching.

**Research Trends in Information and Communication Technologies in Science and Mathematics Teaching**

Syllabus: Public policies for the implementation of ICT in the Brazilian educational context; Analysis of official documents (PCNs, LDB and Curriculum Guidelines); ICT research trends in Science and Math Education.

**Educating with Mathematics**Syllabus: The human need for constitution of mathematical knowledge; mathematics as a science and as a language of other sciences; articulation between mathematics and other sciences; the mathematics conveyed in the school system; Mathematics as a guide to educate people, the teacher in formation: reflections on teaching and articulations with other disciplinary modes of science.

**Critical Theory and Science Education**Syllabus: Training Concepts (in Habermas, Adorno and Freire); Communicative Action Theory; Cultural industry; Emancipation; Change; Awareness; Action Research; Science Education based on Critical Theory and Communicative Action Theory.

**Trends in Mathematics Education**Syllabus: Methodological trends in Mathematics teaching. Troubleshooting. Mathematical Research. Mathematical Games. Mathematical Modeling. Ethnomathematics. Digital Technologies in Mathematical Education. History of Mathematics. Math Laboratory. Arts and Mathematics. Other methodological trends for the teaching of Mathematics.

**CTS and ACT in Science Education**

Syllabus: Studies in Science, Technology and Society (CTS). Latin American Thought in CTS. Relations among Science, Technology and Society. Scientific and Technological Literacy (ACT). Contributions of CTS Studies in the promotion of Scientific and Technological Literacy. Citizen formation and Science Education.

**Teacher Education: history, practices, knowledge and contemporarity**Syllabus: Discussions and reflections on the models of teacher education throughout history and the theoretical-epistemological assumptions that underlie them. Analysis of research aimed at understanding the historical development of scientific and technological education in Brazil, in the context of the different pedagogical and epistemological currents that prevail over time in the country and abroad. Association of educational theories with different epistemological currents.

**Special Topics 2: Teacher in teaching activity - theoretical and methodological foundations**Syllabus: The concept of activity in the historical-cultural theory of activity. The pedagogical activity of the teacher. The guiding activity of teaching as a theoretical-methodological basis for the organization of teaching.

**Special Topics 2: History of Sciences and Mathematics**Syllabus: History: sources, methods and objects. The Sciences and Mathematics and their development and teaching throughout history. Institutionalization of Mathematical Education and Science Education in Brazil.

**Methodologies and Materials for Teaching Science and Mathematics**Syllabus: Discuss the theoretical and methodological assumptions underlying teachers' practices and underlying the development of Didactic Units and Didactic Materials for Science and Mathematics Teaching. 1) Pedagogical models and epistemological models; 2) Teaching Approaches; 3) Active Methodologies: Peer instruction, Inverted classroom, Problem based learning, Thematic approach, Gamification, among others. 4) Concept of teaching material; history of the production of teaching materials; teaching projects for teaching materials.