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2017 Geometric control condition for the wave equation with a time-dependent observation domain
Jérôme Le Rousseau, Gilles Lebeau, Peppino Terpolilli, Emmanuel Trélat
Anal. PDE 10(4): 983-1015 (2017). DOI: 10.2140/apde.2017.10.983


We characterize the observability property (and, by duality, the controllability and the stabilization) of the wave equation on a Riemannian manifold Ω, with or without boundary, where the observation (or control) domain is time-varying. We provide a condition ensuring observability, in terms of propagating bicharacteristics. This condition extends the well-known geometric control condition established for fixed observation domains.

As one of the consequences, we prove that it is always possible to find a time-dependent observation domain of arbitrarily small measure for which the observability property holds. From a practical point of view, this means that it is possible to reconstruct the solutions of the wave equation with only few sensors (in the Lebesgue measure sense), at the price of moving the sensors in the domain in an adequate way.

We provide several illustrating examples, in which the observation domain is the rigid displacement in Ω of a fixed domain, with speed v, showing that the observability property depends both on v and on the wave speed. Despite the apparent simplicity of some of our examples, the observability property can depend on nontrivial arithmetic considerations.


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Jérôme Le Rousseau. Gilles Lebeau. Peppino Terpolilli. Emmanuel Trélat. "Geometric control condition for the wave equation with a time-dependent observation domain." Anal. PDE 10 (4) 983 - 1015, 2017.


Received: 13 July 2016; Revised: 25 January 2017; Accepted: 7 March 2017; Published: 2017
First available in Project Euclid: 19 October 2017

zbMATH: 06715609
MathSciNet: MR3649373
Digital Object Identifier: 10.2140/apde.2017.10.983

Primary: 35L05, 93B07, 93C20

Rights: Copyright © 2017 Mathematical Sciences Publishers


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Vol.10 • No. 4 • 2017
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