We give a useful classification of the metabelian unitary representations of , where is the result of zero-surgery along a knot . We show that certain eta invariants associated to metabelian representations vanish for slice knots and that even more eta invariants vanish for ribbon knots and doubly slice knots. We show that our vanishing results contain the Casson–Gordon sliceness obstruction. In many cases eta invariants can be easily computed for satellite knots. We use this to study the relation between the eta invariant sliceness obstruction, the eta-invariant ribbonness obstruction, and the –eta invariant sliceness obstruction recently introduced by Cochran, Orr and Teichner. In particular we give an example of a knot which has zero eta invariant and zero metabelian –eta invariant sliceness obstruction but which is not ribbon.
"Eta invariants as sliceness obstructions and their relation to Casson–Gordon invariants." Algebr. Geom. Topol. 4 (2) 893 - 934, 2004. https://doi.org/10.2140/agt.2004.4.893