This work deals with Adem relations in the Dyer–Lashof algebra from a modular invariant point of view. The main result is to provide an algorithm which has two effects: Firstly, to calculate the hom-dual of an element in the Dyer–Lashof algebra; and secondly, to find the image of a non-admissible element after applying Adem relations. The advantage of our method is that one has to deal with polynomials instead of homology operations. A moderate explanation of the complexity of Adem relations is given.
"Adem relations in the Dyer–Lashof algebra and modular invariants." Algebr. Geom. Topol. 4 (1) 219 - 241, 2004. https://doi.org/10.2140/agt.2004.4.219