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2020 Ribbon $2$–knots, $1+1=2$ and Duflo's theorem for arbitrary Lie algebras
Dror Bar-Natan, Zsuzsanna Dancso, Nancy Scherich
Algebr. Geom. Topol. 20(7): 3733-3760 (2020). DOI: 10.2140/agt.2020.20.3733

Abstract

We explain a direct topological proof for the multiplicativity of the Duflo isomorphism for arbitrary finite-dimensional Lie algebras, and derive the explicit formula for the Duflo map. The proof follows a series of implications, starting with “the calculation 1+1=2 on a 4D abacus”, using the study of homomorphic expansions (aka universal finite-type invariants) for ribbon 2–knots, and the relationship between the corresponding associated graded space of arrow diagrams and universal enveloping algebras. This complements the results of the first author, Le and Thurston, where similar arguments using a “3D abacus” and the Kontsevich integral were used to deduce Duflo’s theorem for metrized Lie algebras; and results of the first two authors on finite-type invariants of w–knotted objects, which also imply a relation of 2–knots with the Duflo theorem in full generality, though via a lengthier path.

Citation

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Dror Bar-Natan. Zsuzsanna Dancso. Nancy Scherich. "Ribbon $2$–knots, $1+1=2$ and Duflo's theorem for arbitrary Lie algebras." Algebr. Geom. Topol. 20 (7) 3733 - 3760, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2140/agt.2020.20.3733

Information

Received: 15 October 2019; Revised: 10 March 2020; Accepted: 26 March 2020; Published: 2020
First available in Project Euclid: 5 January 2021

MathSciNet: MR4194292
Digital Object Identifier: 10.2140/agt.2020.20.3733

Subjects:
Primary: 57M25

Rights: Copyright © 2020 Mathematical Sciences Publishers

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Vol.20 • No. 7 • 2020
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