We discuss topological properties of holomorphic Lefschetz pencils on the four-torus. Relying on the theory of moduli spaces of polarized abelian surfaces, we first prove that, under some mild assumptions, the (smooth) isomorphism class of a holomorphic Lefschetz pencil on the four-torus is uniquely determined by its genus and divisibility. We then explicitly give a system of vanishing cycles of the genus- holomorphic Lefschetz pencil on the four-torus due to Smith, and obtain those of holomorphic pencils with higher genera by taking finite unbranched coverings. One can also obtain the monodromy factorization associated with Smith’s pencil in a combinatorial way. This construction allows us to generalize Smith’s pencil to higher genera, which is a good source of pencils on the (topological) four-torus. As another application of the combinatorial construction, for any torus bundle over the torus with a section we construct a genus- Lefschetz pencil whose total space is homeomorphic to that of the given bundle.
"Topology of holomorphic Lefschetz pencils on the four-torus." Algebr. Geom. Topol. 18 (3) 1515 - 1572, 2018. https://doi.org/10.2140/agt.2018.18.1515