Algebr. Geom. Topol. 17 (3), 1743-1770, (2017) DOI: 10.2140/agt.2017.17.1743
KEYWORDS: affine Hirsch foliation, classification, exchangeable braid, 57M50, 57R32, 37E10, 57M25
This paper is devoted to discussing affine Hirsch foliations on –manifolds. First, we prove that up to isotopic leaf-conjugacy, every closed orientable –manifold admits zero, one or two affine Hirsch foliations. Furthermore, every case is possible.
Then we analyze the –manifolds admitting two affine Hirsch foliations (we call these Hirsch manifolds). On the one hand, we construct Hirsch manifolds by using exchangeable braided links (we call such Hirsch manifolds DEBL Hirsch manifolds); on the other hand, we show that every Hirsch manifold virtually is a DEBL Hirsch manifold.
Finally, we show that for every , there are only finitely many Hirsch manifolds with strand number . Here the strand number of a Hirsch manifold is a positive integer defined by using strand numbers of braids.