This article has three goals: First, we generalize the result of Deuring and Serre on the characterization of supersingular locus to all Shimura varieties given by totally indefinite quaternion algebras over totally real number fields. Second, we generalize the result of Ribet on arithmetic level raising to such Shimura varieties in the inert case. Third, as an application to number theory, we use the previous results to study the Selmer group of certain triple product motive of an elliptic curve, in the context of the Bloch–Kato conjecture.
"Supersingular locus of Hilbert modular varieties, arithmetic level raising and Selmer groups." Algebra Number Theory 14 (8) 2059 - 2119, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2140/ant.2020.14.2059