January 2020 Analyzing the impact of external debt on industrialization : the African franc zone case
Afr. J. Appl. Stat. 7(1): 885-914 (January 2020). DOI: 10.16929/ajas/2020.885.246


This paper uses data from 10 countries of the African franc zone from 1996 to 2017, to gauge the effect of external debt on industrialization in the presence of non-linearity. Our analyzes are done based on two aspects. Firstly, using a Panel Smooth Transition Regression (PSTR), our results show that there is a non-linear relationship between external debt and industrialization in the African franc zone, which depends on the level of the external debt stock, the threshold is $58.91%$ of GDP. While before this threshold, external debt has no direct effect on industrialization, after this threshold it is harmful to it. Secondly, an analysis in two periods (1996-2006 and 2007-2017) by the GLS and SUR methods shows that before 2006, the external debt was an asset for industrialization but after, it gave way to domestic credit. Thus, the external debt has become obsolete after reaching the completion point of the HIPC initiative, and would be a danger for the industrialization of the franc zone in the event of excess.

Ce travail utilise les données de 10 pays de la zone franc africaine sur la période 1996-2017, pour jauger l'effet de la dette extérieure sur l'industrialisation en présence de non linéarité. En utilisant un modèle de panel à transition souple (PSTR), nos résultats montrent qu'il existe une relation non linéaire entre la dette extérieure et l'industrialisation en zone franc africaine, qui dépend du niveau du stock de dette extérieure dont le seuil est de 58.91% du PIB. Alors qu'avant ce seuil, la dette extérieure n'ait pas d'effets sur l'industrialisation, après ce seuil elle lui est nuisible.


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Daniel Deric MBOUNANG FOGANG. Jean TCHITCHOUA. "Analyzing the impact of external debt on industrialization : the African franc zone case." Afr. J. Appl. Stat. 7 (1) 885 - 914, January 2020. https://doi.org/10.16929/ajas/2020.885.246


Published: January 2020
First available in Project Euclid: 1 February 2021

Digital Object Identifier: 10.16929/ajas/2020.885.246

Keywords: African Franc Zone , budget deficit , liquidity , manufacturing value added , panel Smooth tansition regression (PSTR) , solvency

Rights: Copyright © 2020 The Statistics and Probability African Society


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Vol.7 • No. 1 • January 2020
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