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In this paper, we study the perturbative aspects of the half-twisted variant of Witten’s topological A-model coupled to a non-dynamical gauge field with Kähler target space X being a G-manifold. Our main objective is to furnish a purely physical interpretation of the equivariant cohomology of the chiral de Rham complex, recently constructed by Lian and Linshaw, called the “chiral equivariant cohomology.” In doing so, one finds that key mathematical results such as the vanishing in the chiral equivariant cohomology of positive weight classes, lend themselves to straightforward physical explanations. In addition, one can also construct topological invariants of X from the correlation functions of the relevant physical operators corresponding to the nonvanishing weight-zero classes. Via the topological invariance of these correlation functions, one can verify, from a purely physical perspective, the mathematical isomorphism between the weight-zero subspace of the chiral equivariant cohomology and the classical equivariant cohomology of X. Last but not least, one can also determine fully, the de Rham cohomology ring of X/G, from the topological chiral ring generated by the local ground operators of the physical model under study.
We explain how to construct a large class of new quiver gauge theories from branes at singularities by orientifolding and Higgsing old examples. The new models include the MSSM, decoupled from gravity, as well as some classic models of dynamical SUSY breaking. We also discuss topological criteria for unification.
This work is concerned with branes and differential equations for oneparameter Calabi–Yau hypersurfaces in weighted projective spaces. For a certain class of B-branes, we derive the inhomogeneous Picard–Fuchs equations satisfied by the brane superpotential. In this way, we arrive at a prediction for the real BPS invariants for holomorphic maps of worldsheets with low Euler characteristics, ending on the mirror A-branes.
In this paper D-brane monodromies are studied from a world-sheet point of view. More precisely, defect lines are used to describe the parallel transport of D-branes along deformations of the underlying bulk conformal field theories. This method is used to derive B-brane monodromies in Kähler moduli spaces of non-linear sigma models on projective hypersurfaces. The corresponding defects are constructed at Landau–Ginzburg points in these moduli spaces where matrix factorization techniques can be used. Transporting them to the large volume phase by means of gauged linear sigma model we find that their action on B-branes at large volume can be described by certain Fourier–Mukai transformations which are known from target space geometric considerations to represent the corresponding monodromies.
We define the sigma-model action for world-sheets with embedded defect networks in the presence of a three-form field strength. We derive the defect gluing condition for the sigma-model fields and their derivatives, and use it to distinguish between conformal and topological defects. As an example, we treat the WZW model with defects labelled by elements of the centre Z(G) of the target Lie group G; comparing the holonomy for different defect networks gives rise to a 3-cocycle on Z(G). Next, we describe the factorization properties of two-dimensional quantum field theories in the presence of defects and compare the correlators for different defect networks in the quantum WZW model. This, again, results in a 3-cocycle on Z(G). We observe that the cocycles obtained in the classical and in the quantum computation are cohomologous.
We propose a physical interpretation of the chiral de Rham complex as a formal Hamiltonian quantization of the supersymmetric non-linear sigma model. We show that the chiral de Rham complex on a Calabi–Yau manifold carries all information about the classical dynamics of the sigma model. Physically, this provides an operator realization of the non-linear sigma model. Mathematically, the idea suggests the use of Hamiltonian flow equations within the vertex algebra formalism with the possibility to incorporate both left and right moving sectors within one mathematical framework.