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We give a method for constructing transcendental entire functions with good control of both the singular values of f and the geometry of f. Among other applications, we construct a function f with bounded singular set, whose Fatou set contains a wandering domain.
We prove the existence of knotted and linked thin vortex tubes for steady solutions to the incompressible Euler equation in . More precisely, given a finite collection of (possibly linked and knotted) disjoint thin tubes in , we show that they can be transformed with a Cm-small diffeomorphism into a set of vortex tubes of a Beltrami field that tends to zero at infinity. The structure of the vortex lines in the tubes is extremely rich, presenting a positive-measure set of invariant tori and infinitely many periodic vortex lines. The problem of the existence of steady knotted thin vortex tubes can be traced back to Lord Kelvin.
This paper gives a new and direct construction of the multi-prime big de Rham–Witt complex, which is defined for every commutative and unital ring; the original construction by Madsen and myself relied on the adjoint functor theorem and accordingly was very indirect. The construction given here also corrects the 2-torsion which was not quite correct in the original version. The new construction is based on the theory of modules and derivations over a λ-ring which is developed first. The main result in this first part of the paper is that the universal derivation of a λ-ring is given by the universal derivation of the underlying ring together with an additional structure depending directly on the λ-ring structure in question. In the case of the ring of big Witt vectors, this additional structure gives rise to divided Frobenius operators on the module of Kähler differentials. It is the existence of these divided Frobenius operators that makes the new construction of the big de Rham–Witt complex possible. It is further shown that the big de Rham–Witt complex behaves well with respect to étale maps, and finally, the big de Rham–Witt complex of the ring of integers is explicitly evaluated.