Numerical methods are usually required to solve the neutron diffusion equation applied to nuclear reactors due to its heterogeneous nature. The most popular numerical techniques are the Finite Difference Method (FDM), the Coarse Mesh Finite Difference Method (CFMD), the Nodal Expansion Method (NEM), and the Nodal Collocation Method (NCM), used virtually in all neutronic diffusion codes, which give accurate results in structured meshes. However, the application of these methods in unstructured meshes to deal with complex geometries is not straightforward and it may cause problems of stability and convergence of the solution. By contrast, the Finite Element Method (FEM) and the Finite Volume Method (FVM) are easily applied to unstructured meshes. On the one hand, the FEM can be accurate for smoothly varying functions. On the other hand, the FVM is typically used in the transport equations due to the conservation of the transported quantity within the volume. In this paper, the FVM algorithm implemented in the ARB Partial Differential Equations solver has been used to discretize the neutron diffusion equation to obtain the matrices of the generalized eigenvalue problem, which has been solved by means of the SLEPc library.
Álvaro Bernal. Rafael Miró. Damián Ginestar. Gumersindo Verdú. "Resolution of the Generalized Eigenvalue Problem in the Neutron Diffusion Equation Discretized by the Finite Volume Method." Abstr. Appl. Anal. 2014 (SI06) 1 - 15, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/913043