We investigate the complex dynamics of a diffusive Holling-Tanner predation model with the Allee effect on prey analytically and numerically. We examine the existence of the positive equilibria and the related dynamical behaviors of the model and find that when the model is with weak Allee effect, the solutions are local and global stability for some conditions around the positive equilibrium. In contrast, when the model is with strong Allee effect, this may lead to the phenomenon of bistability; that is to say, there is a separatrix curve that separates the behavior of trajectories of the system, implying that the model is highly sensitive to the initial conditions. Furthermore, we give the conditions of Turing instability and determine the Turing space in the parameters space. Based on these results, we perform a series of numerical simulations and find that the model exhibits complex pattern replication: spots, spots-stripes mixtures, and stripes patterns. The results show that the impact of the Allee effect essentially increases the models spatiotemporal complexity.
"Complex Dynamics of a Diffusive Holling-Tanner Predator-Prey Model with the Allee Effect." Abstr. Appl. Anal. 2013 (SI08) 1 - 12, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/270191