Statistical Science

Biological Markers in Tort Litigation

Ralph H. Johnson

Full-text: Open access

Abstract

Epidemiologic studies provide quantitative information about the pathologic role of a single risk factor in large populations, but available biostatistical data are not sufficient to apportion liability when exposure to more than one potential risk factor has occurred. Given this scientific void, some courts, upon a threshold demonstration of negligence, have shifted the burden of proof regarding causation to the defendant--forcing him to prove a negative--that he did not cause the plaintiff's injuries. To the extent biologic markers become a scientifically acceptable and legally reliable means of proving that exposure to a particular risk factor caused a specific disease, judicial decisions regarding disease causation can be made with scientific certainty and without subjunctive reference to the defendant's purported negligence.

Article information

Source
Statist. Sci., Volume 3, Number 3 (1988), 367-370.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 19 April 2007

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ss/1177012839

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/ss/1177012839

JSTOR
links.jstor.org

Keywords
Biologic markers epidemiology multivariate analysis probability of causation evidentiary reliability burden of proof tort litigation

Citation

Johnson, Ralph H. Biological Markers in Tort Litigation. Statist. Sci. 3 (1988), no. 3, 367--370. doi:10.1214/ss/1177012839. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ss/1177012839


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