Statistical Science

Quiet Contributor: The Civic Career and Times of John W. Tukey

F. R. Anscombe

Full-text: Open access

Abstract

Across 60 years, John W. Tukey contributed to the advancement of democracy, peace and industry via development, application and teaching of knowledge. In his nation's service, he contributed to the Nike missile defense, U-2 spy plane, surveillance satellites in space, hydrophones in the oceans, seismic data interpretation and communications code breaking. As computer and communication pioneer, Tukey collaborated with von Neumann, Shannon and Pierce; coined "bit'' and "software''; applied statistical time series methods to processing signals; and recognized the usefulness of fast Fourier transform algorithms to digital processing of correlated data. Practical problems inspired Tukey to invent new ways to analyze data. As teacher and author, he made these available to others. Tukey advised government and industry regarding environmental quality, educational testing, the census, pharmaceutical efficacy, manufacturing quality and technologies for gathering intelligence. This paper explores the civic career, influences and philosophies of a practicing data analyst, inventor and remarkable public servant.

Article information

Source
Statist. Sci., Volume 18, Issue 3 (2003), 287-310.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 6 February 2004

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ss/1076102417

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/ss/1076102417

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR2056571

Keywords
Exploratory data analysis fast Fourier transform time series boxplot stem-and-leaf display multiple comparisons analysis of variance one degree of freedom for nonadditivity robust estimates software bit American Philosophical Society Bell Labs Brown University Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences Central Intelligence Agency Health Effects Institute Institute for Advanced Study Institute for Defense Analyses Merck National Security Agency Princeton University RAND Presidential Science Advisory Committee System Development Foundation Xerox PARC census educational testing election returns environmental protection CFCs Nike missile pharmaceutical testing SOSUS U-2 spy plane Edgar Anderson F. J. Anscombe William O. Baker Hendrik Bode Arthur Burks W. E. Deming Richard Feynman R. A. Fisher William F. Friedman Richard Garwin H. H. Goldstine I. J. Good David C. Hoaglin James Killian Alfred C. Kinsey Solomon Kullback Edwin Land Richard Leibler Brockway McMillan Oskar Morgenstern Frederick Mosteller Daniel P. Moynihan Walter Munk M. H. A. Newman John R. Pierce Edward Purcell Claude E. Shannon Lyman Spitzer, Jr. Alan Turing Stanislaw Ulam John von Neumann John Archibald Wheeler Norbert Wiener Samuel S. Wilks Charles P. Winsor

Citation

Anscombe, F. R. Quiet Contributor: The Civic Career and Times of John W. Tukey. Statist. Sci. 18 (2003), no. 3, 287--310. doi:10.1214/ss/1076102417. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ss/1076102417


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