Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

Threshold solutions for the focusing 3D cubic Schrödinger equation

Thomas Duyckaerts and Svetlana Roudenko

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Abstract

We study the focusing 3d cubic NLS equation with $H^1$ data at the mass-energy threshold, namely, when $M[u_0]E[u_0]{=}M[Q]E[Q]$. In earlier works of Holmer-Roudenko and Duyckaerts-Holmer-Roudenko, the behavior of solutions (i.e., scattering and blow up in finite time) was classified when $M[u_0]E[u_0] < M[Q]E[Q]$. In this paper, we first exhibit 3 special solutions: $e^{it} Q$ and $Q^\pm$, where $Q$ is the ground state, $Q^\pm$ exponentially approach the ground state solution in the positive time direction, $Q^+$ has finite time blow up and $Q^-$ scatters in the negative time direction. Secondly, we classify solutions at this threshold and obtain that up to $\dot{H}^{1/2}$ symmetries, they behave exactly as the above three special solutions, or scatter and blow up in both time directions as the solutions below the mass-energy threshold. These results are obtained by studying the spectral properties of the linearized Schrödinger operator in this mass-supercritical case, establishing relevant modulational stability and careful analysis of the exponentially decaying solutions to the linearized equation.

Article information

Source
Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana, Volume 26, Number 1 (2010), 1-56.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 16 February 2010

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.rmi/1266330115

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR2662148

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1195.35276

Subjects
Primary: 35Q55: NLS-like equations (nonlinear Schrödinger) [See also 37K10] 35P25: Scattering theory [See also 47A40] 35B40: Asymptotic behavior of solutions

Keywords
Nonlinear Schrödinger equation scattering profile decomposition blow-up

Citation

Duyckaerts, Thomas; Roudenko, Svetlana. Threshold solutions for the focusing 3D cubic Schrödinger equation. Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana 26 (2010), no. 1, 1--56. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.rmi/1266330115


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