Journal of Mathematics of Kyoto University

Adams $e$-invariant, Toda bracket and $[X, U(n)]$

Hiroaki Hamanaka

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In the previous paper [1], the author investigated the group structure of the homotopy set $[X,U(n)]$ with the pointwise multiplication, under the assumption that $X$ is a finite CW complex with its dimension $2n$ and $U(n)$ is the unitary group, and showed that $[X,U(n)]$ is an extension of $\Tilde{K}^{1}(X)$ by $N_{n}(X)$, where $N_{n}(X)$ is a group defined as the cokernel of a map $\Theta : \Tilde{K}^{0}(X)\to \mathrm{H}^{2n}(X;\mathbf{Z})$. In this paper, we offer another interpretation of $N_{n}(X)$ using Adams $e$-invariant and show that the extension $N_{n}(X) \to U_{n}(X) \to \Tilde{K}^{1}(X)$ is determined by some Toda brackets. Also we give some applications including the calculation of $[SO(4), U(3)]$.

Article information

J. Math. Kyoto Univ., Volume 43, Number 4 (2003), 815-827.

First available in Project Euclid: 14 August 2009

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 55Q35: Operations in homotopy groups


Hamanaka, Hiroaki. Adams $e$-invariant, Toda bracket and $[X, U(n)]$. J. Math. Kyoto Univ. 43 (2003), no. 4, 815--827. doi:10.1215/kjm/1250281737.

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