## Journal of Differential Geometry

- J. Differential Geom.
- Volume 66, Number 2 (2004), 233-287.

### A CHARACTERIZATION OF CERTAIN SHIMURA CURVES IN THE MODULI STACK OF ABELIAN VARIETIES

#### Abstract

Let *f : X → Y* be a semistable family of complex abelian varieties over a curve *Y* of genus *g(Y )*, and smooth over the complement of *s* points. If 𝓁 denotes the rank of the nonflat (1, 0) part *F*^{1,0} of the corresponding variation of Hodge structures, the Arakelov inequality says that

2 ∙ deg(*F*^{1,0}) ≤ 𝓁 ∙ (2*g(Y)* - 2 + *s*).

The family reaches this bound if and only if the Higgs field of the variation of Hodge structures is an isomorphism. The latter is reflected in the existence of special Hodge cycles in the general fibre, and the base of such a family is a Shimura curve.

In particular, for *s* ≠ 0, such a family must be isogenous to the 𝓁-fold product of a modular family of elliptic curves, and aconstant abelian variety.

For *s* = 0, if the flat part of the variation of Hodge structures is defined over the rational numbers, one finds the family to be isogenous to the product of several copies of a family *h : Z → Y *, and a constant abelian variety. In this case, *h : Z → Y* is obtained from the corestriction of a quaternion algebra *A*, defined over a totally real numberfield *F*, and ramified over all infinite places but one.

In case the flat part is not defined over the rational numbers, one still can classify the corresponding variations of Hodge structures.

#### Article information

**Source**

J. Differential Geom., Volume 66, Number 2 (2004), 233-287.

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid: 8 December 2004

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jdg/1102538611

**Digital Object Identifier**

doi:10.4310/jdg/1102538611

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR2106125

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

1078.11043

#### Citation

Viehweg, Eckart; Zuo, Kang. A CHARACTERIZATION OF CERTAIN SHIMURA CURVES IN THE MODULI STACK OF ABELIAN VARIETIES. J. Differential Geom. 66 (2004), no. 2, 233--287. doi:10.4310/jdg/1102538611. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jdg/1102538611