Journal of Applied Mathematics

  • J. Appl. Math.
  • Volume 2013, Special Issue (2013), Article ID 793869, 10 pages.

Regularised Model Identification Improves Accuracy of Multisensor Systems for Noninvasive Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Diabetes Management

Mattia Zanon, Giovanni Sparacino, Andrea Facchinetti, Mark S. Talary, Andreas Caduff, and Claudio Cobelli

Full-text: Open access

Abstract

Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) by suitable portable sensors plays a central role in the treatment of diabetes, a disease currently affecting more than 350 million people worldwide. Noninvasive CGM (NI-CGM), in particular, is appealing for reasons related to patient comfort (no needles are used) but challenging. NI-CGM prototypes exploiting multisensor approaches have been recently proposed to deal with physiological and environmental disturbances. In these prototypes, signals measured noninvasively (e.g., skin impedance, temperature, optical skin properties, etc.) are combined through a static multivariate linear model for estimating glucose levels. In this work, by exploiting a dataset of 45 experimental sessions acquired in diabetic subjects, we show that regularisation-based techniques for the identification of the model, such as the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (better known as LASSO), Ridge regression, and Elastic-Net regression, improve the accuracy of glucose estimates with respect to techniques, such as partial least squares regression, previously used in the literature. More specifically, the Elastic-Net model (i.e., the model identified using a combination of l1 and l2 norms) has the best results, according to the metrics widely accepted in the diabetes community. This model represents an important incremental step toward the development of NI-CGM devices effectively usable by patients.

Article information

Source
J. Appl. Math., Volume 2013, Special Issue (2013), Article ID 793869, 10 pages.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 14 March 2014

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jam/1394807814

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1155/2013/793869

Citation

Zanon, Mattia; Sparacino, Giovanni; Facchinetti, Andrea; Talary, Mark S.; Caduff, Andreas; Cobelli, Claudio. Regularised Model Identification Improves Accuracy of Multisensor Systems for Noninvasive Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Diabetes Management. J. Appl. Math. 2013, Special Issue (2013), Article ID 793869, 10 pages. doi:10.1155/2013/793869. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jam/1394807814


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