Internet Mathematics

Euclidean versus Hyperbolic Congestion in Idealized versus Experimental Networks

Edmond Edmond, Mingji Lou, Francis Bonahon, and Yuliy Baryshnikov

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Abstract

This paper proposes a mathematical justification of the phenomenon of extreme congestion at a very limited number of nodes in very large networks. It is argued that this phenomenon occurs as a combination of the negative curvature property of the network together with minimum-length routing. More specifically, it is shown that in a large $n$-dimensional hyperbolic ball $B$ of radius $R$ viewed as a roughly similar model of a Gromov hyperbolic network, the proportion of traffic paths transiting through a small ball near the center is $Θ(1)$, whereas in a Euclidean ball, the same proportion scales as $Θ(1/R^{n−1})$. This discrepancy persists for the traffic load, which at the center of the hyperbolic ball scales as volume$^2 (B)$, whereas the same traffic load scales as volume$^{1+1/n} (B) in the Euclidean ball. This provides a theoretical justification of the experimental exponent discrepancy observed by Narayan and Saniee between traffic loads in Gromov-hyperbolic networks from the Rocketfuel database and synthetic Euclidean lattice networks. It is further conjectured that for networks that do not enjoy the obvious symmetry of hyperbolic and Euclidean balls, the point of maximum traffic is near the center of mass of the network.

Article information

Source
Internet Math., Volume 7, Number 1 (2011), 1-27.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 13 October 2011

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.im/1318514562

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR2793077

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1245.68033

Citation

Edmond, Edmond; Lou, Mingji; Bonahon, Francis; Baryshnikov, Yuliy. Euclidean versus Hyperbolic Congestion in Idealized versus Experimental Networks. Internet Math. 7 (2011), no. 1, 1--27. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.im/1318514562


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