Illinois Journal of Mathematics

Transversality of holomorphic mappings between real hypersurfaces in complex spaces of different dimensions

Peter Ebenfelt and Duong Ngoc Son

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Abstract

We consider holomorphic mappings $H$ between a smooth real hypersurface $M\subset\mathbb{C}^{n+1}$ and another $M'\subset\mathbb{C}^{N+1}$ with $N\geq n$. We provide conditions guaranteeing that $H$ is transversal to $M'$ along all of $M$. In the strictly pseudoconvex case, this is well known and follows from the classical Hopf boundary lemma. In the equidimensional case ($N=n$), transversality holds for maps of full generic rank provided that the source is of finite type in view of recent results by the authors (see also a previous paper by the first author and L. Rothschild). In the positive codimensional case ($N>n$), the situation is more delicate as examples readily show. In recent work by S. Baouendi, the first author, and L. Rothschild, conditions were given guaranteeing that the map $H$ is transversal outside a proper subvariety of $M$, and examples were given showing that transversality may fail at certain points.

One of the results in this paper implies that if $N\le 2n-2$, $M'$ is Levi-nondegenerate, and $H$ has maximal rank outside a complex subvariety of codimension $2$, then $H$ is transversal to $M'$ at all points of $M$. We show by examples that this conclusion fails in general if $N\geq 2n$, or if the set $W_{H}$ of points where $H$ is not of maximal rank has codimension one. We also show that $H$ is transversal at all points if $H$ is assumed to be a finite map (which allows $W_{H}$ to have codimension one) and the stronger inequality $N\leq 2n-3$ holds, provided that $M$ is of finite type.

Article information

Source
Illinois J. Math., Volume 56, Number 1 (2012), 33-51.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 27 September 2013

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ijm/1380287458

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1215/ijm/1380287458

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR3117016

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1293.32043

Subjects
Primary: 32H02: Holomorphic mappings, (holomorphic) embeddings and related questions 32V30: Embeddings of CR manifolds

Citation

Ebenfelt, Peter; Son, Duong Ngoc. Transversality of holomorphic mappings between real hypersurfaces in complex spaces of different dimensions. Illinois J. Math. 56 (2012), no. 1, 33--51. doi:10.1215/ijm/1380287458. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ijm/1380287458


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