Geometry & Topology

Stabilization for the automorphisms of free groups with boundaries

Allen Hatcher and Nathalie Wahl

Full-text: Open access

Abstract

The homology groups of the automorphism group of a free group are known to stabilize as the number of generators of the free group goes to infinity, and this paper relativizes this result to a family of groups that can be defined in terms of homotopy equivalences of a graph fixing a subgraph. This is needed for the second author’s recent work on the relationship between the infinite loop structures on the classifying spaces of mapping class groups of surfaces and automorphism groups of free groups, after stabilization and plus-construction. We show more generally that the homology groups of mapping class groups of most compact orientable 3–manifolds, modulo twists along 2–spheres, stabilize under iterated connected sum with the product of a circle and a 2–sphere, and the stable groups are invariant under connected sum with a solid torus or a ball. These results are proved using complexes of disks and spheres in reducible 3–manifolds.

Article information

Source
Geom. Topol., Volume 9, Number 3 (2005), 1295-1336.

Dates
Received: 15 July 2004
Revised: 20 July 2005
Accepted: 4 July 2005
First available in Project Euclid: 20 December 2017

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.gt/1513799637

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.2140/gt.2005.9.1295

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR2174267

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1087.57003

Subjects
Primary: 20F28: Automorphism groups of groups [See also 20E36]
Secondary: 57M07: Topological methods in group theory

Keywords
automorphism groups of free groups homological stability mapping class groups of 3–manifolds

Citation

Hatcher, Allen; Wahl, Nathalie. Stabilization for the automorphisms of free groups with boundaries. Geom. Topol. 9 (2005), no. 3, 1295--1336. doi:10.2140/gt.2005.9.1295. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.gt/1513799637


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