Geometry & Topology

Boundaries and automorphisms of hierarchically hyperbolic spaces

Matthew Durham, Mark Hagen, and Alessandro Sisto

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Abstract

Hierarchically hyperbolic spaces provide a common framework for studying mapping class groups of finite-type surfaces, Teichmüller space, right-angled Artin groups, and many other cubical groups. Given such a space X, we build a bordification of X compatible with its hierarchically hyperbolic structure.

If X is proper, eg a hierarchically hyperbolic group such as the mapping class group, we get a compactification of X; we also prove that our construction generalizes the Gromov boundary of a hyperbolic space.

In our first main set of applications, we introduce a notion of geometrical finiteness for hierarchically hyperbolic subgroups of hierarchically hyperbolic groups in terms of boundary embeddings.

As primary examples of geometrical finiteness, we prove that the natural inclusions of finitely generated Veech groups and the Leininger–Reid combination subgroups extend to continuous embeddings of their Gromov boundaries into the boundary of the mapping class group, both of which fail to happen with the Thurston compactification of Teichmüller space.

Our second main set of applications are dynamical and structural, built upon our classification of automorphisms of hierarchically hyperbolic spaces and analysis of how the various types of automorphisms act on the boundary.

We prove a generalization of the Handel–Mosher “omnibus subgroup theorem” for mapping class groups to all hierarchically hyperbolic groups, obtain a new proof of the Caprace–Sageev rank-rigidity theorem for many CAT(0) cube complexes, and identify the boundary of a hierarchically hyperbolic group as its Poisson boundary; these results rely on a theorem detecting irreducible axial elements of a group acting on a hierarchically hyperbolic space (which generalize pseudo-Anosov elements of the mapping class group and rank-one isometries of a cube complex not virtually stabilizing a hyperplane).

Article information

Source
Geom. Topol., Volume 21, Number 6 (2017), 3659-3758.

Dates
Received: 23 May 2016
Revised: 30 December 2016
Accepted: 7 February 2017
First available in Project Euclid: 16 November 2017

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.gt/1510859328

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.2140/gt.2017.21.3659

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR3693574

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
06779924

Subjects
Primary: 20F65: Geometric group theory [See also 05C25, 20E08, 57Mxx]
Secondary: 20F67: Hyperbolic groups and nonpositively curved groups 30F60: Teichmüller theory [See also 32G15]

Keywords
mapping class groups cubical groups hierarchically hyperbolic spaces

Citation

Durham, Matthew; Hagen, Mark; Sisto, Alessandro. Boundaries and automorphisms of hierarchically hyperbolic spaces. Geom. Topol. 21 (2017), no. 6, 3659--3758. doi:10.2140/gt.2017.21.3659. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.gt/1510859328


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