Electronic Journal of Statistics

Movelets: A dictionary of movement

Jiawei Bai, Jeff Goldsmith, Brian Caffo, Thomas A. Glass, and Ciprian M. Crainiceanu

Full-text: Open access

Abstract

Recent technological advances provide researchers with a way of gathering real-time information on an individual’s movement through the use of wearable devices that record acceleration. In this paper, we propose a method for identifying activity types, like walking, standing, and resting, from acceleration data. Our approach decomposes movements into short components called “movelets”, and builds a reference for each activity type. Unknown activities are predicted by matching new movelets to the reference. We apply our method to data collected from a single, three-axis accelerometer and focus on activities of interest in studying physical function in elderly populations. An important technical advantage of our methods is that they allow identification of short activities, such as taking two or three steps and then stopping, as well as low frequency rare(compared with the whole time series) activities, such as sitting on a chair. Based on our results we provide simple and actionable recommendations for the design and implementation of large epidemiological studies that could collect accelerometry data for the purpose of predicting the time series of activities and connecting it to health outcomes.

Article information

Source
Electron. J. Statist. Volume 6 (2012), 559-578.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 10 April 2012

Permanent link to this document
http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ejs/1334065322

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/12-EJS684

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR2988420

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1274.68374

Subjects
Primary: 62P10: Applications to biology and medical sciences 68T10: Pattern recognition, speech recognition {For cluster analysis, see 62H30}

Keywords
Accelerometer matching time series physical activity

Citation

Bai, Jiawei; Goldsmith, Jeff; Caffo, Brian; Glass, Thomas A.; Crainiceanu, Ciprian M. Movelets: A dictionary of movement. Electron. J. Statist. 6 (2012), 559--578. doi:10.1214/12-EJS684. http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ejs/1334065322.


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