Duke Mathematical Journal

The geometric theta correspondence for Hilbert modular surfaces

Jens Funke and John Millson

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Abstract

We give a new proof and an extension of the celebrated theorem of Hirzebruch and Zagier that the generating function for the intersection numbers of the Hirzebruch–Zagier cycles in (certain) Hilbert modular surfaces is a classical modular form of weight 2. In our approach, we replace Hirzebruch’s smooth complex analytic compactification of the Hilbert modular surface with the (real) Borel–Serre compactification. The various algebro-geometric quantities that occur in the theorem are replaced by topological quantities associated to 4-manifolds with boundary. In particular, the “boundary contribution” in the theorem is replaced by sums of linking numbers of circles (the boundaries of the cycles) in 3-manifolds of type Sol (torus bundle over a circle) which comprise the Borel–Serre boundary.

Article information

Source
Duke Math. J., Volume 163, Number 1 (2014), 65-116.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 8 January 2014

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.dmj/1389190325

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1215/00127094-2405279

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR3161312

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1328.14041

Subjects
Primary: 14G35: Modular and Shimura varieties [See also 11F41, 11F46, 11G18]
Secondary: 32N10: Automorphic forms

Citation

Funke, Jens; Millson, John. The geometric theta correspondence for Hilbert modular surfaces. Duke Math. J. 163 (2014), no. 1, 65--116. doi:10.1215/00127094-2405279. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.dmj/1389190325


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