Duke Mathematical Journal

The Calkin algebra has outer automorphisms

N. Christopher Phillips and Nik Weaver

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Assuming the continuum hypothesis, we show that the Calkin algebra has 21 outer automorphisms

Article information

Duke Math. J., Volume 139, Number 1 (2007), 185-202.

First available in Project Euclid: 13 July 2007

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 46L40: Automorphisms
Secondary: 46L05: General theory of $C^*$-algebras 03E50: Continuum hypothesis and Martin's axiom [See also 03E57]


Phillips, N. Christopher; Weaver, Nik. The Calkin algebra has outer automorphisms. Duke Math. J. 139 (2007), no. 1, 185--202. doi:10.1215/S0012-7094-07-13915-2. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.dmj/1184341242

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