Differential and Integral Equations

The correspondence between travelling-wave solutions of a nonlinear reaction-convection-diffusion equation and an integral equation

B. H. Gilding

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Abstract

This article is concerned with travelling-wave solutions of the nonlinear reaction-\newline convection-diffusion equation $$ u_t=(a(u))_{xx}+(b(u))_x+c(u) $$ in which subscripts denote partial differentiation. The coefficients $a$, $b$ and $c$ are supposed to be defined in some closed real interval with infimum 0 and supremum $\ell,0<\ell\leq \infty$. The search is for nontrivial travelling-wave solutions of the form $u(x,t)=f(x-\lambda t)$ where $\lambda$ denotes the wave speed. Specifically, solutions of this type, where $f$ is defined and nonincreasing on $(0,\infty)$ with $f(\xi)\rightarrow 0$ as $\xi \rightarrow \infty$, and where $f$ is defined and nonincreasing on $(-\infty,\infty)$ with $f(\xi)\rightarrow 0$ as $\xi\rightarrow\infty$ and $f(\xi)\rightarrow\ell$ as $\xi\rightarrow-\infty$, are sought. Under mild continuity assumptions on the coefficients $a$, $b$ and $c$ it is shown that the existence of such a travelling wave is equivalent to the existence of a solution of a singular nonlinear integral equation. A number of applications of this result are discussed. In particular the correspondence between the travelling waves and the integral equation is used to resolve an open question in the theory of finite speed of propagation for the reaction-convection-diffusion equation

Article information

Source
Differential Integral Equations, Volume 9, Number 5 (1996), 919-947.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 6 May 2013

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.die/1367871524

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR1392088

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
0855.35061

Subjects
Primary: 35K57: Reaction-diffusion equations
Secondary: 35K65: Degenerate parabolic equations 45D05: Volterra integral equations [See also 34A12]

Citation

Gilding, B. H. The correspondence between travelling-wave solutions of a nonlinear reaction-convection-diffusion equation and an integral equation. Differential Integral Equations 9 (1996), no. 5, 919--947. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.die/1367871524


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