Differential and Integral Equations

Antibifurcation and the $n$-species Lotka-Volterra competition model with diffusion

Robert Stephen Cantrell

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The system $$ \begin{align} -\Delta u_{k} &= ( a_{k} -u_{k} - \sum ^{n}_{ j\neq k,\, j=1} \gamma _{kj} u_{j} ) u_{k} \quad \text{in} \; \Omega \\ u_{k} & =0 \quad \text{on} \; \partial \Omega ,\end{align} \tag {*} $$ $k=1,\ldots, n$, where $\Omega $ is a bounded domain in $\Bbb R^{n}$ and $a_{k} , \gamma _{kj}$ are positive parameters, determines the possible equilibrium configurations for a diffusive Lotka-Volterra competition model and is of interest in the study of the role of competition in structuring communities where space or resources are limited. The componentwise nonnegative solutions to $(*)$ can perhaps best be understood for fixed $\gamma _{kj}$ and varying $a_{k}$ as a subset of the Banach space $\Bbb R^{n} \times [C^{1}_{0} (\overline{\Omega })]^{n}$. The aims of this article are to enhance understanding of the structure of this set and to provide a firmer foundation for future analysis. We accomplish these aims through some new observations regarding the set of componentwise nonnegative solutions to $(*)$ which enable us to unify some preceding analyses.

Article information

Differential Integral Equations, Volume 9, Number 2 (1996), 305-322.

First available in Project Euclid: 3 May 2013

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 35Q80: PDEs in connection with classical thermodynamics and heat transfer
Secondary: 35B32: Bifurcation [See also 37Gxx, 37K50] 35K57: Reaction-diffusion equations 47H15 47N20: Applications to differential and integral equations 92D25: Population dynamics (general)


Cantrell, Robert Stephen. Antibifurcation and the $n$-species Lotka-Volterra competition model with diffusion. Differential Integral Equations 9 (1996), no. 2, 305--322. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.die/1367603348

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