Differential and Integral Equations

Conditions for a centre in a simple class of cubic systems

C. B. Collins

Full-text: Open access


We determine necessary and sufficient conditions for a planar system of the form $$ \begin{align} \frac{dx}{dt} & = ax + by + x ( \alpha x + \beta y + Ax^{2} + Bxy + Cy^{2}) \\ \frac{dy}{dt} & = cx + dy + y ( \alpha x + \beta y + Ax^{2} + Bxy + Cy^{2}) \, , \end{align} $$ where $a, b, c, d, \alpha , \beta , A, B$ and $C$ are real constants, to possess a centre at the origin. The approach for computing the necessity of the conditions (i.e., for the calculation of the focal values) is somewhat unconventional, since it relies on the properties of an integrating factor, rather than a first integral, which expedites the procedure. The subclass consisting of those systems which possess a centre at the origin is studied further. In particular, first integrals are given, and phase portraits are drawn of all topologically inequivalent nonlinear members.

Article information

Differential Integral Equations, Volume 10, Number 2 (1997), 333-356.

First available in Project Euclid: 2 May 2013

Permanent link to this document

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 34C05: Location of integral curves, singular points, limit cycles


Collins, C. B. Conditions for a centre in a simple class of cubic systems. Differential Integral Equations 10 (1997), no. 2, 333--356. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.die/1367526341

Export citation