## Differential and Integral Equations

### Maximum and antimaximum principles: beyond the first eigenvalue

#### Abstract

We consider the Dirichlet problem (*)$-\bigtriangleup u=\mu u+f$ in $\Omega,u=0$ on $\partial\Omega$. Let $\widehat{\lambda}$ be an eigenvalue, with $\widehat{\varphi}$ an associated eigenfunction. Under suitable assumptions on $f$ and on the nodal domains of $\widehat{\varphi}$, we show that, if $\mu$ is sufficiently close to $\widehat{\lambda}$, then the solution $u$ of (*) has the same number of nodal domains as $\widehat{\varphi}$, and moreover the nodal domains of $u$ appear as small deformations of those of $\widehat{\varphi}$.

#### Article information

Source
Differential Integral Equations Volume 22, Number 9/10 (2009), 815-828.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 20 December 2012