## Differential and Integral Equations

- Differential Integral Equations
- Volume 24, Number 5/6 (2011), 435-441.

### Short proofs of results by Landesman, Lazer, and Leach on problems related to resonance

#### Abstract

We study two boundary-value problems originally considered by A.C. Lazer and coauthors. The first is an elliptic problem \[ Lu+\alpha u+g \left( u\right) =h\left( x\right) \] in a bounded domain $\Omega\subset R^{N},$ with $u=0$ on the boundary $\partial\Omega.$ It is assumed that $Lu+\alpha u=0$ has a one-dimensional set of solutions satisfying the same boundary condition$.$ The second is an ODE problem \[ u^{\prime\prime}+n^{2}u+g\left( u\right) =e\left( t \right) , \] where $e$ has period $2\pi$ and a $2\pi$-periodic solution is sought. Here, the corresponding linear homogeneous equation, $u^{\prime\prime}+n^{2}u=0,$ has a two-dimensional set of $2\pi$-periodic solutions. In each case, conditions are sought which guarantee the existence of at least one solution to the original problem. We give short proofs of theorems first proved by E.M. Landesman and Lazer, and by Lazer and D.E. Leach, on these two problems.

#### Article information

**Source**

Differential Integral Equations, Volume 24, Number 5/6 (2011), 435-441.

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid: 20 December 2012

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.die/1356018912

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR2809615

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

1249.35080

**Subjects**

Primary: 34B15: Nonlinear boundary value problems 35J57: Boundary value problems for second-order elliptic systems

#### Citation

Hastings, S.P.; Mcleod, J.B. Short proofs of results by Landesman, Lazer, and Leach on problems related to resonance. Differential Integral Equations 24 (2011), no. 5/6, 435--441. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.die/1356018912